Global warming represents an increase of the average temperature of the air nearby the surface of the Earth and the ocean. Global warming is a significant part of the past and the present. The temperature of the Earth has varied since its creation. The real problem is not the increase of its temperature, but the rate of that increase. Since the Earth’s temperature is being measured, the warmest 10 years were within a twelve year period from 1997-2008. This means that the increase of the Earth’s temperature is characterized with a progressive rate.

The International panel of climate changes (IPCC) suggests that the temperature increases from the middle of the 20th century are very likely to be provoked by the increased concentration of gasses, which are the result of human activities like burning fossil fuels or destruction of forests.

IPCC presumes that the increase of the average temperature to 2°C is the boundary, above which there would be permanent consequences for the eco-system of the Earth.

The rate at which the temperature of the Earth is increasing is probably the greatest challenge that mankind has faced. It is most likely that the consequences will be catastrophic which is why an immediate action is required.

The consequences of global warming

The increase in temperature on earth will have huge effects on the climate and thus on all living beings on Earth. Many of these changes have already begun.

1.    Weather disasters

  • Increased number of droughts and fires - warmer temperatures can increase the likelihood of drought. Greater evaporation, particularly during the summer and fall, encourages drought and increases the risk of fires. Warm, dry weather led to a record number of fires with close to 100,000 fires reported and nearly 10 million acres of land burned, 125 percent above the 10 year average.
    vremenski-nepogodi
  • Stronger and more dangerous hurricanes - Warmer ocean water pumps more energy into tropical storms, making them stronger and potentially more destructive.
    uragani
  • Floods - warmer temperatures increase the energy of the climatic system and can lead to heavier rainfall and by this cause floods in some areas.
    water

2.    The impact on health

  • Deadly heat waves
    more frequent and severe heat waves will most likely result in many deaths.
    toploten-bran
  • Bad air, allergies and asthma
    Global warming may increase smog pollution in some areas and intensify pollen allergies and asthma. Warmer conditions may also worsen air quality causing further problems
    astma

3.    Changes in the ecosystems and extinction of some species

With the increase in global temperature it is expected that a disorder in the ecosystems will appear and that those species that cannot adapt to the changes will be led to extinction. With the first comprehensive risk assessment for extinction of these species, it was found that more than 1 million species could disappear by 2050 if the current trajectory continues.

izumiranje-na-vidovi

4.    Melting glaciers and early thawing

Rise in global temperatures will accelerate the melting of glaciers and ice cliffs as well as the premature melting of rivers and lakes and which will result in increased water levels. All this can cause changes in the map of the world, increasing the water surface and full flooding for some countries such as The Netherlands and most island nations. Macedonia is also one of the countries that will be exposed to a negative impact.

glacier

Global warming, once you feel it it’s already too late!!!

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